Loomis Flower Farm Shop

Archive for August, 2020

Garden tool sharpening of pruners and loppers

How to Sharpen Pruners, Loppers and Shears

Sharpening Garden Tools

In my first post on Sharpening Scissors, I sowed you a quick and easy way to sharpen your garden scissors with my favorite sharpening tool: the diamond hone sharpening paddle. This guide will give you some insight and techniques to keep your garden tools (pruners, loppers and shears) sharp and in tip top shape for the garden. I guess you are asking: Aren’t they sharp enough? Most gardeners will not maintain their tools, and just go on using dull, ineffective blades. But clean cuts are imperative to keeping your plants healthy, and a sharp set of tools makes garden that much more fun, and reduces the time to prune and cut.

Steps for Sharpening Pruners and Other Curved Blade Tools

Clean your blades. We have to get to the steel before we can sharpen. Cleaning the gunk off the blades can help tool function immediately, and the sap dirt and grime can harden over time and make your tools almost useless. You can clean your pruners with dish soap, warm water and a brush or scrubbing sponge. For dried sap on the blades, scrubbing bubbles will help break down the sticky stuff.

Remove rust. You can remove rust by soaking the blades in white vinegar overnight. For stubborn, rusted blades you can also use a wire brush to remove the oxidized metal.

Removing rust from garden tools
Rusty, sappy tools prevent clean cuts.

File down large nicks. The sharpening process requires a move from coarse to fine. If you have diamond stone paddles, it makes the process simple. Grab your coarse paddle and run it over the blades at an angle equal to the existing bevel. Focus on any damage areas to smooth out the blade curve. The coarse paddle will remove the top layer of metal and get you to the good shiny stuff. Make sure and get both sides of the blade, but on the flat part, keep your hone flat and just do a few passes.

Sharpening time. Call me strange, but I love this part. Take your medium grit hone and run it over your blade. After a few passes, you will start to feel the metal get smoother, and your blade will begin to sharpen. After quite a few passes of the sharpener, switch to your fine diamond paddle. This will really put a shine to the blade and start to really put that cutting edge in shape. As you sharpen one side of the blade, it will build up a burr on the backside. Make sure and do a few strokes to remove this.

A bit of oil. When sharpening your garden tools, its a great opportunity to lubricate the joints for smooth operation. I use regular sewing machine oil, and just put a few drops on the pruner or lopper nut. Also take a rag and put a drop or two of oil on, and run it over your sharpening work. This will protect the blade from rust and keep the sap from sticking.

Conclusion

And that’s it, simple and effective. Now go enjoy your work! We carry the diamond stone paddles for sharpening in our store, and you can find them here:

Garden Tool Sharpening Kit

Soil in the raised garden bed

Raised Beds and Soil

What Type of Soil To Put in Your Raised Bed

This post is a continuation of our raised bed series with all you need to know about raised bed gardening. So, you’ve built your raised bed, and its sitting empty, just waiting for soil so you can begin planting. What you put in your bed is extremely important to the health and longevity of your plants. Soil supports plant growth by providing 5 core items:

  1. An anchor for root systems. By allowing the spread and anchoring of roots, soil provides a means for the plant to remain safe and connected to the ground.
  2. Oxygen – The spaces within good soil allow root systems to access oxygen to grow and prosper.
  3. Water – Soil provides the spaces that hold water for plant growth.
  4. Insulation – soil is a natural blanket for root systems during extreme temperature fluctuations.
  5. Nutrients – Soil provides access to nutrients for plants to grow and thrive.

How you build out your soil composition to provide an optimal growth environment for your plants is key to raised garden success.

There are several questions you need to ask before you get started:

  • What are you planting? A little master of the obvious here, but you would be surprised how plans change 🙂
  • Are there any special soil chemistry requirements?
  • How are you going to irrigate?
  • Are there special drainage requirements?

What Are You Planting?

Be sure and check the soil requirements for the types of plants you want to grow. You can put in a broad and general soil mix, but if you want the best growth and healthiest plants, you will need to tailor the soil makeup for your needs. For example, if you are growing carrots, and don’t add sand to create a loose, free growth medium, it will stunt growth. Likewise, a bed that does not drain well will create an environment where bulbs will rot during rainy weather. Any seed site will provide extensive information on the type of soil required for your plants. Example: Johnny’s Seeds.

Are There Special Soil Chemistry Requirements?

pH is one of the most important soil chemistry levels you can adjust for success of your plantings. Slightly acidic pH levels, 6-6.5, are generally most favorable for plant growth, but certain species require adjustments to these numbers. The great part about raised beds is that you typically fill them with soil that is optimized for general plant growth. Some plants may require slight adjustments, and your garden center can advise different amendments to adjust your pH.

How Will You Irrigate Your Raised Bed?

Providing water and a source can sometimes be an afterthought, but it’s easiest build your irrigation out before you add soil to the raised bed. different soil types and plants may require different types of irrigation: drop, sprinkles, spray heads, etc.

Are There Special Drainage Requirements?

Your soil makeup with have a big impact on moisture retention and drainage. Creating a composition that will provide adequate moisture and drain in heavy downpours can be challenging. Certain types of plants do not tolerate poor drainage well, and without adequate drainage you can rot your roots.

The good news? Nowadays there are so many pre-made soil types and amendments at any garden center, you easily add to your raised bed for any type of growth environment. Below is a great “middle of the road” soil composition for your bed:

  • 60% Topsoil
  • 30% Compost
  • 10% Potting Soil

This mix provides texture and air pockets, along with excellent drainage, and is appropriate for just about any type of plant. You can read more on raised bed gardening and all its glory here: Raised Bed Gardens Category Page

raised bed wall materials

Choosing a Raised Bed Material

What Material Should I Use?

This is the second post in a series on raised bed gardens (First post here: Benefits of Raised Garden Beds). The best thing about raised beds is that you can use just about anything for walls. So how do you build garden box walls? Here is a list of the typical materials you can use.

Wood: The Typical Raised Bed

Creating a wooden raised bed is quite simple, and can range from a few hour project, to one that takes up the whole weekend. You can use just about any type of wood, but ones that naturally prevent rotting are the best choices. Redwood and cedar will provide the most longevity, and turn that beautiful color grey as they age. Avoid pressure treated wood, as the chemicals can leach into the contained soil. How long will wood raised beds last? Cedar and redwood will last 10 – 20 years, other wood types like pine or douglas fir, about 3 – 5 years. 12″ planks are best for the walls, but if you have some carpentry skills, 2-3 feet can provide a convenient gardening experience.

Stone: Raised Bed For the Ages

Stone walls for raised beds have been used for centuries, and endure the test of time. You can use just about any stone, and just stack them or use mortar to make them a bit more permanent. Even if you don’t use mortar, dirt will typically fill the cracks over time for a nice aesthetic.

Concrete: Quick Beds

Concrete blocks can provide a quick and easy road to building a raised garden. You can use traditional square blocks and just stack them, mortar them, or use the manufactured blocks that are so popular at the big home stores. The manufactured blocks are nice as they have grooves to interlock so they don’t fall over. (Home Depot Stackers for Raised Beds)

Metal: The New Raised Bed

Corrugated roofing metal is a new trend in raised beds and if used correctly, it looks quite nice. Combined with a wood top rail, it can provide a nice look and be quite functional. Galvanized metal is rust resistant and will last a long time. You can get the roofing material from any big home store, and its relatively cheap. You just need the means to cut it, and fasten ends.

More on the construction of raised beds in my next post.

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